The Civil Survey County of Tipperary. Two Volumes (1931-34)
Book ID: 63548
The Civil Survey A.D. 1654-1656, County of Tipperary. Two Volumes. Volume (1) Eastern and Southern Baronies. Volume (2) Western and Northern Baronies with Return of Crown and Church Lands for the Whole Country. Dublin: Stationery Office, 1931,1934. A finely bound set in full green Morocco, spine with raised bands, compartments ruled and lettered in gilt, inner gilt fillet roll and marbled endpapers, all edged in gilt.
The mid-17th century survey consists of returns of the extent and value of lands forfeited by Catholic and Royalist rebels in County Tipperary following their defeat during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland.
The Ulster rebellion of 1641 led to the creation of the Catholic Confederacy, an alliance of the Gaelic Irish Catholic and the Old English nobles, based in Kilkenny led by James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, that governed two thirds of Ireland independently until 1649. They supported the Royalists and King Charles I who was defeated by the Parliamentarians led by Oliver Cromwell. After the English King was executed in 1649, Cromwell invaded Ireland to punish the Irish Catholic rebels in particular for the massacre of Ulster Protestant planters in 1641.